Sustainable wood supply
The raw material from the forest is a must for replacing finite resources with renewable materials and moving towards a circular, sustainable society. But to ensure that forests can provide this in the long-term and remain healthy, we need to manage and use them responsibly.
Renewable raw materials from forests are our most important resource. We source our wood raw material from Nordic and Northern European forests. These must apply forest management based on recognised sustainable forestry practices, including careful planning with a long-term perspective. Responsibly managed forests require active forest management with high growth rates, while also taking into account biodiversity and social values, as well as enhanced climate benefits.
Purchasing according to standards
More than three quarters of the wood raw material used by Swedish industries comes from Swedish forests. BillerudKorsnäs has procedures and guidelines to avoid wood being purchased from illegal felling operations, from forests with high preservation values, from regions with serious social conflicts and where felling leads to deforestation.
Swedish and European laws and regulations for forestry are a minimum standard for BillerudKorsnäs. We are certified by the FSC® and PEFC certification systems and the wood is sourced in accordance with FSC and PEFC requirements for controlled wood. Our certificates and our forest management directive are available here.
All wood entering BillerudKorsnäs is either delivered as certified wood, controlled wood or is subject to BillerudKorsnäs’ own control system.
The forest and the climate
Active forestry is good for the climate
Younger trees grow more and faster than older ones and bind therefore more carbon dioxide. Around 25 million ton of carbon dioxide is bound into the Swedish forest yearly. The forest contributes to climate-smart raw materials that can replace fossil and finite raw materials. Active forestry is therefore climate efficient and good for a sustainable future.
Carbon dioxide storage and emissions during the forest cycle
Biodiversity in forestry today
With the help of clear goals and action plans, BillerudKorsnäs carefully follows up its work to protect and preserve biodiversity in forests. Some important actions on which we are working to enhance biodiversity are listed below:
- Forests grow slowly and trees are only felled when they are between 70 and 120 years old. For every tree felled, three new ones are planted.
- When felling, all the dead trees are left and high stumps are created to protect and resupply dead wood in the forest, which insects, fungi and small animals need in order to survive.
- Clearing and thinning operations are well-planned so that the trees that remain have more room to grow.
- In order to protect the ecology around watercourses and other sensitive biotopes, “buffer zones” are created and retained where necessary as a part of all such operations.
- Deciduous trees are encouraged, which assists animals and other wildlife, and can also help forests withstand storms better, for example.
- Individual endangered species are protected. Examples that we are working with include the lady's-slipper orchid, nests for northern goshawks and the creeping lady's-tresses.
- In FSC-certified forestry, at least 10% of the productive forest land area is set aside for conservation or social purposes.
- Conservation burning is carried out to promote fire-dependent biodiversity.
The table below shows some of the results of the monitoring of operational indicators for biodiversity in our own forest management for 2021.
|Target 97% approved||
Result 2021 (2020)
|Well handled buffer zones||100 % (77 %)|
|Extra sensitive biotops||96 % (56 %)|
|High stumps (< 3/ha)||97 % (97 %)|
|Nature conservation trees (>10/ha)||97 % (97 %)|
|Cultural remains||100 % (93 %)|
|No areas without any trees||98 % (97 %)|
|No ground damage on site||88 % (63 %)|
|No damage during crossings||77 %|
What do we do with a tree?
Whenever BillerudKorsnäs fells a tree, we use it as effectively and intelligently as possible. Those parts of the trunk that have the broadest diameter and highest quality are delivered to the sawmill, while the thinner parts are sent to our paper and board production facilities. Bark and other bioproducts are used as fuel in the company’s plants.